Text References

The following is a listing of text references related to electrical current and powering monitoring. Some of them are recent publications and some of them are old dating back to the 1920's but all provide a valuable resource of information. Please send an E-mail message if you have any additional references you would like to add to the list.

F.B. Silsbee
A Shielded Resistor for Voltage Transformer Testing
U.S. Bureau of Standards Scientific Papers, Vol.20, 1926 pp.489-514

A.L. Brownlee
A Primary Method of Measuring the Ratio and Phase Angle of Current Transformers
AIEE Transactions, Vol. 69, part I, 1950, pp. 459-460

S.D. Moreton
A Simple Method for the Determination of Bushing-Current-Transformer Characteristics
AIEE Transactions, Vol. 62,1943, pp.581-585

O. A. Petersons
A Self-Balancing High-Voltage Capacitance Bridge
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. IM-13, NO 4, Dec 1964, pp. 216-224

O. Petersons
A Self-Balancing Current Comparator
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. IM-15, nos 1 and 2, Mar/Jun 1966, pp. 62-71

G. Camilli and R.L.Ten Broeck
A Proposed Method for the Determination of Current Transformer Errors
AIEE Transactions, Vol.59,1940, pp.547-550

T.M. Souders
A Wide Range Current Comparator System for Calibrating Current Transformers
IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-90, no 1, Jan/Feb 1971, pp. 318-323

J.J. Park
Accuracy of High-Range Current Transformers
U.S. Bureau of Standards Journal of Research, Vol.14,1935, pp. 367-392

J.P. Gebelein and J.A. Elzi
Analysis of Bushing-Current-Transformer Performance
AIEE Transactions, Vol.59,1940,pp.541-546

Applied Protective Relaying
Newark, N.J. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, 1976

C.R. Mason
Art and Science of Protective Relaying
New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1956

F.S. Rothe and C. Concordia
Characteristics of Current Transformers During Faults, Part II
AIEE Transactions, Vol.66,1947,pp.731-734

Computation of Accuracy of Current Transformers
AIEE Transactions, Vol.59,1940, pp.663-668

H.S. Shott and H. A. Peterson
Criteria for Neutral Stability of Wye-Grounded-Primary Broken-Delta Secondary
Transformer Circuits
AIEE Transaction, Vol.60,1941, pp.997-1002

L. J. Powell
Current Transformer Burden and Saturation
I&CPS Conference Record, 1977

Arthur Wright
Current Transformers
London: Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 1968

E.C.Wentz and W.K. Sonnemann
Current Transformers and Relays for High Speed Differential Protection, With Particular Reference to
Offset Transient Currents
AIEE Transactions, Vol.59,1940, pp.481-488

D.J. West
Current Transformer Application Guidelines
1977 I&CPS Conference Record

Arthur Wright
Current Transformers (book)
Chapman and Hall, Ltd., London 1968

A.H.M. Arnold
Current-Transformer Testing
Journal of the IEE, vol. 74, 1934, pp. 424-444

F.W.Peek, Jr.
Dielectric Phenomena in High Voltage Engineering; 3rd ed.
New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. 1929

Theodore Wildi
Electrical Machines, Drives, and Power Systems (2nd Edition)
Prentice Hall, 1991,1981 by Sperika Enterprises Ltd.

Vincent Del Toro
Electromechanical Devices for Energy Conversion and Control Systems
New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.,1968

Reuben Lee, Leo Wilson, Charles E. Carter
Electronic Transformers and Circuits (3rd Edition)
John Wiley & Sons, A Wiley-Interscience Publication

F.B. Silsbee, R.L. Smith, N.L. Forman, and J.H. Park
Equipment for Testing Current Transformers
U.S. Bureau of Standards Journal of Research, Vol. 11, Jul 1933, pp. 93-122

E.G. Reed
Essentials of Transformer Practice
New York, D.Van Nostrand Company, Inc. 1927

I.F. Kinnard
Functional Analysis of Measurements
AIEE Transactions, Vol.60,1946,pp.987-992

William M. Flanagan
Handbook of Transformer Design and Applications (2nd Edition)
McGraw-Hill, Inc.

C.L. Schuck
How to Fuse Potential Transformer Primary Circuits
General Electric Review, July 1941, pp.385-389

How to Use Certificate Test Values to Determine Complete Potential Transformer Accuracy Characteristics
Transmission and Distribution, Dec.,1951

ANSI/IEEE C57.13-1978
IEEE Standard Requirements for Instrument Transformers

B. Hague
Instrument Transformers
London, Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons, Ltd., 1936

F.K. Harris, W.C. SZE, N.L. Kusters, O. Petersons, and W.J.M. Moore
An International Comparison of Voltage-Transformer Calibrations to 350 kV.
IEEE Transactions on Communication and Electronics, Vol. 83, Jan 1964, pp. 13-19

L.F. Kennedy and A.T. Sinks
New Current Transformer for Bus Differential Protection
AIEE Transactions, Vol.60,1941, pp.1180-1187

New Developments in Potential Transformer Design
AIEE Transactions, Vol. 62,1943, pp.483-487

C.A. Woods, Jr. and S.A. Bottonari
Overcurrent Performance of Bushing Type Current Transformers
AIEE Transactions, Vol.59, 1940, pp.554-560

Eric Lowdon
Practical Transformer Design Hankbook (2nd Edition)
Tab Professional and Reference Books, Blue Ridge Summit, PA

F.B. Silsbee
Precautions Against Stray Magnetic Fields in Measurements with Large Alternating Currents
AIEE Transactions, Vol. 48, Oct 1929, pp. 1301-1306

A.H.M. Arnold
Precision Testing of Current Transformers
Journal of the IEE, Vol. 68, 1930, pp. 898-905

C.T. Weller
Relative Accuracy of Three-phase Metering Combination
AIEE Transactions, Vol. 60,1941,pp.925-929

Westinghouse Electric Corporation
Relay-Instrument Division
Applied Protective Relaying
Newark, New Jersey, 1976

R.G. Bruce and A. Wright
Remanent Flux in Current Transformer Cores
Proceedings, IEE, Vol.113, No.5, May 1966,p.915

ANSI Standard C57.13-1968
Requirements for Instrument Transformers
American National Standards Institute

American National Standards Institute
Requirements for Instrument Transformers
ANSI Standard C57.13-1968

Instrument Transformer Burden Data.
Schenectady, NY: General Electric Company, GET-1725,1961

Manual of Instrument Transformers
Schenectady, NY: General Electric Company, GET-97, 1975.

L.F. Hunt and J. H. Vivian
Sensitive Ground Protection for Radial Distribution Feeders
AIEE Transactions, Vol.59,1940,pp.84-90

H.C. Barnes and A.J. McConnell
Some Utility Ground Relay Problems
AIEE Transactions Vol., 74,1955,p.417

C.M.Foust and N. Rohats
Some Recent Developments in Impulse Voltage Testing
AIEE Transactions, Vol. 59, 1940, pp.257-265

D.G.Fink and H.W. Beaty
Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers
New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978

R. A. Pfuntner
The Accuracy of Current Transformers Adjacent to High-Current Buses
AIEE Transactions, Vol. 70, part II, 1951, pp. 1656-1662

N.L. Kusters
The Precise Measurement of Current Ratios
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. IM-13, Dec 1964, pp. 197-209

N.L. Kusters, and W.J.M. Moore
The Compensated Current Comparator; A New Reference Standard for Current-Transformer Calibrations in
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. IM-13, Jun/Sept 1964, pp.107-114

P.N. Miljanic, N.L. Kusters, and W.J.M. Moore
The Application of Current Comparators to the Calibration of Current Transformers at Ratios up to 36 000/5
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. IM-17, Sept 1968, pp. 196-203

R. Davis
The Design and Construction of a Shielded Resistor for High Voltages
Journal of the IEE, Vol.69,1931, pp. 1028-1034

C.R. Mason
The Art and Science of Protective Relaying
New York:Wiley 1956

Hal Gibson
The Effect on Accuracy of the Location of Conductors in a Window-type Current Transformer
Industrial Power Systems Magazine, Vol.11 No.1, March 1968

W.K. Clothier and L. Medina
The Absolute Calibration of Voltage Transformers
Proceedings of the IEE, Vol. 104A, Jun 1957, pp. 204-214

N.L. Kusters, and O.A. Petersons
Transformer-Ratio-Arm Bridge for High-Voltage Capacitance Measurements
IEEE Transactions on Communications and Electronics, No. 69, Nov 1963, pp. 606-611

IEEE Power Engineering Society
Transient Response of Current Transformers
IEEE 76CH1130-4 PWR, January 1976

IEEE Publication 76 CH1130-4 PWR
Transient Response of Current Transformers

IEEE Protective Relay Committee
Transient Response of Current Transformers
IEEE Publication 76CH1130-4 PWR

Electric Utility Engineering Reference Book:
Vol. 3, Distribution Systems
Trafford, PA: Westinghouse Electric Corporation, 1965